All images courtesy of Paolo Venturella & Cosimo Scotucci
The project aims to create a new space for the city of Varna where people can spend their free time and socialise.
One of the main characteristics is to put together all the different functions requested in the brief ("Read", "Storage" and "Leisure") in such a way to stimulate creativity and a real sense of community.
The new library mixes together people who want to spend their time on reading together with other people who are in the same place to enjoy events, exhibitions and for working.
The approach is to organise all the activities come out from the analysis of the place and the program.
In the main lobby, it requires different situations and kinds of spaces, and by mixing them on different levels to generate a new hybrid space.
The ground level is designed to be the continuation of exterior public plaza, people can walk around, enjoy main events or exhibitions.
First of all ideas is to maximise the volume according to the regulations. It automatically shapes itself in a series of back steps going upwards, so to create terraces and avoiding casting shadow on the exterior public space.
Once maximised the volume, everything is thought for the interior space.
Just from analysing the problem of having together places that require silent with places that make noise, comes out the idea of placing a big symbolic element in the middle, that works as a buffer to separate them and create the adapted space for both.
The two main spaces are distant in height but visually connected. Moreover, only the spaces for reading that require privacy and calmness, such as work, study and research, are placed upstairs, the other functions are placed below in order to mix with the event main lobby.
These areas don't really need perfect silent (semi silent) so are perfect to stay in the hall.
These spaces are for leisure and here is possible to read and socialise.
The element that divides these two functions is the "storage". Required by the brief to be so huge in size, it is used to separate "silent" zones from the "noisy" ones.
Moreover this element is the principal one, the most representative, it is the "storage", the volumes that contain all the books.
All the functions in the building are also organised according to the sun exposition.
The spaces that require light are placed on the South side (reading, café, lobby, exhibition) while on the North side there are the auditorium and others that require indirect illumination or even spaces visually separated.
The shape of the building is designed to integrate itself in the context of the city. The design is made by regular juxtaposed blocks who mimic the brutalist aspect of the City Hall. The difference from the context is made by the materials and by the façade louvers system.